After September 11 and the following terrorist attacks all over the globe, use of decision and game theory has gained considerable attention in risk community. As a result of increasing investment in security measures, rational allocation of limited resources has become a major concern. Game theory and decision analysis approaches have been proposed for counterterrorism where decisions of the terrorist are modelled. Game theoretic approaches are also considered to deal with smuggling of nuclear weapons, screening of cargo containers as well as for protecting power transmission systems and commercial airlines. There exist major methodological and computational challenges in these type of problems. For example, dealing with dynamic nature of these problems in terms of changing uncertainties and preferences is a major issue. Those problems require the development of sophisticated mathematical and statistical tools and methods. Another related issue is assessment of bioterrorism threat and the related biological agent risk analysis. Detection of certain chemical and biological agents in public places and the related evacuation decisions are challenging problems. Terrorism is a problem at international level and cooperation with foreign researchers could be helpful to develop preventive measures and to assess counter-actions, as well as dealing with other threats to the safety of the United States and other countries.
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